Generation of Variability for Salt Tolerance in Rice Using Tissue Culture Techniques

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Generation of Variability for Salt Tolerance in Rice Using Tissue Culture Techniques

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Title: Generation of Variability for Salt Tolerance in Rice Using Tissue Culture Techniques
Author: Swapna,T S; Padma Nambisan
Abstract: The study deals with the generation of variability for salt tolerance in rice using tissue culture techniques. Rice is the staple food of more than half of the world’s population. The management of drought, salinity and acidity in soils are all energy intensive agricultural practices. The Genetic variability is the basis of crop improvement. Somaclonal and androclonal variation can be effectively used for this purpose. In the present study, eight isozymes were studied and esterase and isocitric dehydrogenase was found to have varietal specific, developmental stage specific and stress specific banding pattern in rice. Under salt stress thickness of bands and enzyme activity showed changes. Pokkali, a moderately salt tolerant variety, had a specific band 7, which was present only in this variety and showed slight changes under stress. This band was faint in tillering and flowering stage .Based on the results obtained in the present study it is suggested that esterase could possibly be used as an isozyme marker for salt tolerance in rice. Varietal differences and stage specific variations could be detected using esterase and isocitric dehydrogenase . Moreover somaclonal and androclonal variation could be effectively detected using isozyme markers.
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/915
Date: 2000-03


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