DOPAMINE D2 RECEPTOR FUNCTIONAL REGULATION : cAMP AND IP3 ROLE IN PANCREATIC REGENERATION

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DOPAMINE D2 RECEPTOR FUNCTIONAL REGULATION : cAMP AND IP3 ROLE IN PANCREATIC REGENERATION

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Title: DOPAMINE D2 RECEPTOR FUNCTIONAL REGULATION : cAMP AND IP3 ROLE IN PANCREATIC REGENERATION
Author: Santhosh Thomas, K; Dr. Paulose, C S
Abstract: The present study deals with the differential regulation of Dopamine content in pancreas and functional regulation of Dopamine D2 receptor in brain regions such as hypothalamus, brain stem, cerebral cortex and corpus striatum play an important role during pancreatic islets cell proliferation and insulin secretion. Though may reports are there implicating the functional interaction between DA receptor and pancreatic islets cell insulin secretion, the involvement of specific DA D2 receptors and changes in second messenger system during insulin secretion and pancreatic islets cell proliferation were not given emphasis. Down regulation of DA content in brain regions and pancreatic islets were observed during pancreatic regeneration. Up regulation of DA content in plasma and adrenals down regulated sympathetic activity in pancreas which cause an increase in insulin secretion and pancreatic islets cell proliferation during pancreatic regeneration. There was a differential regulation of DA D2 receptor in brain regions. The pancreatic islets DA D2 receptors were lip regulated during pancreatic regeneration. DA D2 receptor activation at specific concentration has accounted for increased pancreatic islets cell proliferation. In vitro experiments have proved the differential regulation of DA on insulin synthesis and pancreatic islets cell proliferation. Inhibitory effect of DA on cAMP and stimulatory effect of DA on IP3 through DA D2 receptors were observed in in vitro cell culture system. These effects are correlating with the DA, cAMP and IP3 content during pancreatic regeneration and islets cell proliferation. Up regulation of intracellular Ca2+ was also observed at 10-8 M DA, a specific concentration of DA which showed maximum increase of IP3 content in pancreatic islets through DA D2 receptor activation in in vitro culture. These in vitro data was highly correlating with the changes in DA, cAMP and IP3 content in pancreas during pancreatic regeneration and insulin secretion. Thus we conclude that there is a differential functional regulation of DA and DA D2 receptors in brain and pancreas during pancreatic regeneration. In vitro studies confirmed a concentration depend functional regulation of DA through DA D2 receptors on pancreatic islets cell proliferation and insulin secretion mediated through increased cAMP, IP3 and intracellular Ca2+ level. This will have immense clinical significance in the management in diabetes mellitus.
Description: Department of Biotechnology, Cochin University of Science and Technology
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/2120
Date: 2006-03


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