Abstract: | This thesis is devoted to the development of a relatively new, rapidly developing quaternary semiconducting material (viz., Cu2ZnSnS4) used for photovoltaic applications. This semiconductor, commonly known as CZTS, is closely related to a family of materials that have been used for solar cell applications. It is a compound semiconductor made of copper, zinc, tin and sulfur, which are sufficiently abundant elements; none of them is harmful to the environment even at large scale usage. Aim of this study is to fabricate CZTS solar cells through chemical spray pyrolysis (CSP) technique. At first the influence of various spray parameters like substrate temperature, spray rate, precursor ratio etc. on the opto-electronic properties of CZTS films will be studied in detail. Then the fabrication of CZTS/In2S3 hetero junctions and various ways to improve the performance parameters will be tried |
Description: | Department of Physics Cochin University of Science and Technology |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3535 |
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Dyuthi-T1504.pdf | (4.808Mb) |
Abstract: | The present study led to the recognition of Natrinema sp. BTSH 10 isolated from saltern ponds, as an ideal candidate species for production of gelatinase, which was noted as a halozyme capable of showing enzyme activity in the presence of 15% NaCl. Results obtained during the course of the present study indicated potential for application of this enzyme in industrial catalysis that are performed in the presence of high concentrations of salt. The enzyme characteristics noted with this gelatinase also indicate the scope for probable applications in leather industry, meat tenderization, production of fish sauce and soy sauce. Since halophilic proteases are tolerant to organic solvents, they could be used in antifouling coating preparations used to prevent biofouling of submarine equipments. The gelatinase from haloarchaea could be considered as a probable candidate for peptide synthesis. However, further studies are warranted on this haloarcheal gelatinase particularly on structure elucidation and enzyme engineering to suit a wide range of applications. There is immense scope for developing this halozyme as an industrial enzyme once thorough biochemistry of this gelatinase is studied and a pilot scale study is conducted towards industrial production of this enzyme under fermentation is facilitated. Based on the present study it is concluded that haloarchaea Natrinema sp. that inhabit solar saltern ponds are ideal source for deriving industrially important halozymes and molecular studies on enzymes are prerequisite for their probable industrial applications. This is the first time this species of archaea is recognized as a source of gelatinase enzyme that has potential for industrial applications. |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/4968 |
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cover page 1.tif | (111.7Mb) |
Dyuthi-T2044.pdf | (3.553Mb) |
Abstract: | The temperate, filamentous phage ФMV -5 isolated from Mangalavanam mangrove of Kochi, using the environmental strain of Vibrio sp. MV-5 shares many similar properties with other marine phage isolates, while also remaining unique. The study has revealed that the interaction of temperate phages and the microbial population in the marine environment may contribute significantly to microbial genetic diversity and composition by conversion and transduction and which requires greater study.Prophages contribute a substantial share of the mobile DNA of their bacterial hosts and seem to influence the short-term evolution of pathogenic bacteria. Automated methods for systematic investigation of prophages and other mobile DNA elements in the available bacterial genome sequences will be necessary to understand their role in bacterial genome evolution. In the past, phages were mainly investigated as the simplest model systems in molecular biology. Now it is increasingly realized that phage research will be instrumental in the understanding of bacterial abundance in the environment. One can predict that phage research will impact diverse areas such as geochemistry and medicine. Success will largely depend on integrative multidisciplinary approaches in this field. Clearly, further studies are required to understand how vibriophages interact with Vibrios to promote this organism's acquisition of the critical genes which alter its virulence or adaptation to its environmental niche.It is evident from this study and comparison with those reports cited above that vibriophage ФMV-5 is a previously unreported bacteriophage. It is recommended that the minimum requirement for reporting a new phage should be novel morphological markers and a description of host range, both of which have been achieved in this study. |
Description: | Department of Biotechnology, Cochin University of Science and Technology |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/2803 |
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Dyuthi-T0824.pdf | (5.203Mb) |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/5148 |
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Dyuthi-T2182.pdf | (5.841Mb) |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/4905 |
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Dyuthi- T1999.pdf | (4.472Mb) |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/1026 |
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Jacob K Daniel 1985.pdf | (244.1Kb) |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/1032 |
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Ramachandran Nair V K 1988.pdf | (249.8Kb) |
Abstract: | The objective of the study of \Queueing models with vacations and working vacations" was two fold; to minimize the server idle time and improve the e ciency of the service system. Keeping this in mind we considered queueing models in di erent set up in this thesis. Chapter 1 introduced the concepts and techniques used in the thesis and also provided a summary of the work done. In chapter 2 we considered an M=M=2 queueing model, where one of the two heterogeneous servers takes multiple vacations. We studied the performance of the system with the help of busy period analysis and computation of mean waiting time of a customer in the stationary regime. Conditional stochastic decomposition of queue length was derived. To improve the e ciency of this system we came up with a modi ed model in chapter 3. In this model the vacationing server attends the customers, during vacation at a slower service rate. Chapter 4 analyzed a working vacation queueing model in a more general set up. The introduction of N policy makes this MAP=PH=1 model di erent from all working vacation models available in the literature. A detailed analysis of performance of the model was provided with the help of computation of measures such as mean waiting time of a customer who gets service in normal mode and vacation mode. |
Description: | Department of Mathematics, Cochin University of Science and Technology |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3803 |
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Dyuthi-T1736.pdf | (5.806Mb) |
Abstract: | The thesis entitled “Queueing Models with Vacations and Working Vacations" consists of seven chapters including the introductory chapter. In chapters 2 to 7 we analyze different queueing models highlighting the role played by vacations and working vacations. The duration of vacation is exponentially distributed in all these models and multiple vacation policy is followed.In chapter 2 we discuss an M/M/2 queueing system with heterogeneous servers, one of which is always available while the other goes on vacation in the absence of customers waiting for service. Conditional stochastic decomposition of queue length is derived. An illustrative example is provided to study the effect of the input parameters on the system performance measures. Chapter 3 considers a similar setup as chapter 2. The model is analyzed in essentially the same way as in chapter 2 and a numerical example is provided to bring out the qualitative nature of the model. The MAP is a tractable class of point process which is in general nonrenewal. In spite of its versatility it is highly tractable as well. Phase type distributions are ideally suited for applying matrix analytic methods. In all the remaining chapters we assume the arrival process to be MAP and service process to be phase type. In chapter 4 we consider a MAP/PH/1 queue with working vacations. At a departure epoch, the server finding the system empty, takes a vacation. A customer arriving during a vacation will be served but at a lower rate.Chapter 5 discusses a MAP/PH/1 retrial queueing system with working vacations.In chapter 6 the setup of the model is similar to that of chapter 5. The signicant dierence in this model is that there is a nite buer for arrivals.Chapter 7 considers an MMAP(2)/PH/1 queueing model with a nite retrial group |
Description: | Department of Mathematics, Cochin University of Science and Technology. |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3154 |
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Dyuthi-T1128.pdf | (5.806Mb) |
Abstract: | In this thesis we study the effect of rest periods in queueing systems without exhaustive service and inventory systems with rest to the server. Most of the works in the vacation models deal with exhaustive service. Recently some results have appeared for the systems without exhaustive service. |
Description: | Department Of‘ Mathematics And Statistics,Cochin University Of Science And Technology |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3579 |
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Dyuthi-T1552.pdf | (3.403Mb) |
Abstract: | In this thesis we have introduced and studied the notion of self interruption of service by customers. Service interruption in queueing systems have been extensively discussed in literature (see, Krishnamoorthy, Pramod and Chakravarthy [38]) for the most recent survey. So far all work reported deal with cases in which service interruptions are generated by sources other than customers. However, there are situations where interruptions are due to the customers rather than the system. Such situations are especially arise at doctors clinic, banks, reservation counter etc. Our attempt is to quantify a few of such problems. Systematically we have proceed from single server queue (in Chapter 2) to multi-server queues (Chapter 3). In Chapte 4, we have studied a very general multiserver queueing model with service interruption and protection of service phases. We also introduced customer interruption in a retrial setup (in Chapter 5). All models (from Chapter 2 to Chapter 4) that were analyzed involve 'non-preemptive priority' for interrupted customers where as in the model discussed in Chapter 5 interruption of service by customers is not encouraged. So the interrupted customers cannot access the server as long as there are primary customers in the system. In Chapter 5 we have obtained an explicit expression for the stability condition of the system. In all models analyzed in this thesis, we have assumed that no more than one interruption is allowed for a customer while in service. Since the models are not analytically tractable, a large number of numerical illustrations were given in each chapter it illustrate the working of the systems. We can extend the models discussed in this thesis to several directions. For example some of the models can be analyzed with both server induced and customer induced interruptions the results for which are not available till date. Another possible extension of work is to the case where there is no bound on the number of interruptions a customer is permitted to have before service completion. More complex is the case where a customer is permitted to have a nite number (K ≥ 2) of We can extend the models discussed in this thesis to several directions. |
Description: | Department of Mathematics, Cochin University of Science and Technology. |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3137 |
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Dyuthi-T1111.pdf | (5.338Mb) |
Abstract: | In many situations probability models are more realistic than deterministic models. Several phenomena occurring in physics are studied as random phenomena changing with time and space. Stochastic processes originated from the needs of physicists.Let X(t) be a random variable where t is a parameter assuming values from the set T. Then the collection of random variables {X(t), t ∈ T} is called a stochastic process. We denote the state of the process at time t by X(t) and the collection of all possible values X(t) can assume, is called state space |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/5043 |
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Dyuthi-T2110.pdf | (2.158Mb) |
Description: | Department of Mathematics, Cochin University of Science and Technology |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/2762 |
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Dyuthi-T0785.pdf | (4.528Mb) |
Abstract: | Application of Queueing theory in areas like Computer networking, ATM facilities, Telecommunications and to many other numerous situation made people study Queueing models extensively and it has become an ever expanding branch of applied probability. The thesis discusses Reliability of a ‘k-out-of-n system’ where the server also attends external customers when there are no failed components (main customers), under a retrial policy, which can be explained in detail. It explains the reliability of a ‘K-out-of-n-system’ where the server also attends external customers and studies a multi-server infinite capacity Queueing system where each customer arrives as ordinary but can generate into priority customer which waiting in the queue. The study gives details on a finite capacity multi-server queueing system with self-generation of priority customers and also on a single server infinite capacity retrial Queue where the customer in the orbit can generate into a priority customer and leaves the system if the server is already busy with a priority generated customer; else he is taken for service immediately. Arrival process is according to a MAP and service times follow MSP. |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/760 |
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Dyuthi-T0200.pdf | (4.100Mb) |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/1663 |
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Dyuthi-T0148.pdf | (2.294Mb) |
Abstract: | Multivariate lifetime data arise in various forms including recurrent event data when individuals are followed to observe the sequence of occurrences of a certain type of event; correlated lifetime when an individual is followed for the occurrence of two or more types of events, or when distinct individuals have dependent event times. In most studies there are covariates such as treatments, group indicators, individual characteristics, or environmental conditions, whose relationship to lifetime is of interest. This leads to a consideration of regression models.The well known Cox proportional hazards model and its variations, using the marginal hazard functions employed for the analysis of multivariate survival data in literature are not sufficient to explain the complete dependence structure of pair of lifetimes on the covariate vector. Motivated by this, in Chapter 2, we introduced a bivariate proportional hazards model using vector hazard function of Johnson and Kotz (1975), in which the covariates under study have different effect on two components of the vector hazard function. The proposed model is useful in real life situations to study the dependence structure of pair of lifetimes on the covariate vector . The well known partial likelihood approach is used for the estimation of parameter vectors. We then introduced a bivariate proportional hazards model for gap times of recurrent events in Chapter 3. The model incorporates both marginal and joint dependence of the distribution of gap times on the covariate vector . In many fields of application, mean residual life function is considered superior concept than the hazard function. Motivated by this, in Chapter 4, we considered a new semi-parametric model, bivariate proportional mean residual life time model, to assess the relationship between mean residual life and covariates for gap time of recurrent events. The counting process approach is used for the inference procedures of the gap time of recurrent events. In many survival studies, the distribution of lifetime may depend on the distribution of censoring time. In Chapter 5, we introduced a proportional hazards model for duration times and developed inference procedures under dependent (informative) censoring. In Chapter 6, we introduced a bivariate proportional hazards model for competing risks data under right censoring. The asymptotic properties of the estimators of the parameters of different models developed in previous chapters, were studied. The proposed models were applied to various real life situations. |
Description: | Department of Statistics, Cochin University of Science and Technology |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/2708 |
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Dyuthi-T0758.pdf | (5.959Mb) |
Abstract: | Reliability analysis is a well established branch of statistics that deals with the statistical study of different aspects of lifetimes of a system of components. As we pointed out earlier that major part of the theory and applications in connection with reliability analysis were discussed based on the measures in terms of distribution function. In the beginning chapters of the thesis, we have described some attractive features of quantile functions and the relevance of its use in reliability analysis. Motivated by the works of Parzen (1979), Freimer et al. (1988) and Gilchrist (2000), who indicated the scope of quantile functions in reliability analysis and as a follow up of the systematic study in this connection by Nair and Sankaran (2009), in the present work we tried to extend their ideas to develop necessary theoretical framework for lifetime data analysis. In Chapter 1, we have given the relevance and scope of the study and a brief outline of the work we have carried out. Chapter 2 of this thesis is devoted to the presentation of various concepts and their brief reviews, which were useful for the discussions in the subsequent chapters .In the introduction of Chapter 4, we have pointed out the role of ageing concepts in reliability analysis and in identifying life distributions .In Chapter 6, we have studied the first two L-moments of residual life and their relevance in various applications of reliability analysis. We have shown that the first L-moment of residual function is equivalent to the vitality function, which have been widely discussed in the literature .In Chapter 7, we have defined percentile residual life in reversed time (RPRL) and derived its relationship with reversed hazard rate (RHR). We have discussed the characterization problem of RPRL and demonstrated with an example that the RPRL for given does not determine the distribution uniquely |
Description: | Department of Statistics, Cochin University of Science and Technology |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3157 |
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Dyuthi-T1131.pdf | (3.496Mb) |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/5509 |
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Dyuthi T-2551.pdf | (44.51Mb) |
Abstract: | Queueing system in which arriving customers who find all servers and waiting positions (if any) occupied many retry for service after a period of time are retrial queues or queues with repeated attempts. This study deals with two objectives one is to introduce orbital search in retrial queueing models which allows to minimize the idle time of the server. If the holding costs and cost of using the search of customers will be introduced, the results we obtained can be used for the optimal tuning of the parameters of the search mechanism. The second one is to provide insight of the link between the corresponding retrial queue and the classical queue. At the end we observe that when the search probability Pj = 1 for all j, the model reduces to the classical queue and when Pj = 0 for all j, the model becomes the retrial queue. It discusses the performance evaluation of single-server retrial queue. It was determined by using Poisson process. Then it discuss the structure of the busy period and its analysis interms of Laplace transforms and also provides a direct method of evaluation for the first and second moments of the busy period. Then it discusses the M/ PH/1 retrial queue with disaster to the unit in service and orbital search, and a multi-server retrial queueing model (MAP/M/c) with search of customers from the orbit. MAP is convenient tool to model both renewal and non-renewal arrivals. Finally the present model deals with back and forth movement between classical queue and retrial queue. In this model when orbit size increases, retrial rate also correspondingly increases thereby reducing the idle time of the server between services |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/60 |
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Dyuthi-T0142.pdf | (5.426Mb) |
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