Solid acid-catalyzed dehydration/Beckmann rearrangement of aldoximes: towards high atom efficiency green processes

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Solid acid-catalyzed dehydration/Beckmann rearrangement of aldoximes: towards high atom efficiency green processes

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Title: Solid acid-catalyzed dehydration/Beckmann rearrangement of aldoximes: towards high atom efficiency green processes
Author: Bejoy, Thomas; Prathapan, S; Sugunan, Sankaran
Abstract: Rare earth metal ion exchanged (La3+, Ce3+, RE3+) KFAU-Y zeolites were prepared by simple ion-exchange methods and have been characterized using different physico-chemical techniques. In this paper a novel application of solid acid catalysts in the dehydration/ Beckmann rearrangement of aldoximes; benzaldoxime and 4-methoxybenzaldoxime is reported. Dehydration/Beckmann rearrangement reactions of benzaldoxime and 4-methoxybenzaldoxime is carried out in a continuous down flow reactor at 473K. 4-Methoxybenzaldoxime gave both Beckmann rearrangement product (4-methoxyphenylformamide) and dehydration product (4-methoxybenzonitrile) in high overall yields. The difference in behavior of the aldoximes is explained in terms of electronic effects. The production of benzonitrile was near quantitative under heterogeneous reaction conditions. The optimal protocol allows nitriles to be synthesized in good yields through the dehydration of aldoximes. Time on stream studies show a fast decline in the activity of the catalyst due to neutralization of acid sites by the basic reactant and product molecules.
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/2253
Date: 2005


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