HYPOXIC ADAPTATIONS AND CAROTENOIDS OF TWO INTERTIDAL MOLLUSCS

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HYPOXIC ADAPTATIONS AND CAROTENOIDS OF TWO INTERTIDAL MOLLUSCS

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Title: HYPOXIC ADAPTATIONS AND CAROTENOIDS OF TWO INTERTIDAL MOLLUSCS
Author: Susan, Mathew; Dr. Damodaran, R
Abstract: The present investigation is to find the hypoxic adaptations and role of carotenoids in the anaerobic catabolism of two intertidal bivalves-Sunetta scripta and Perna viridis. Physiological and cytological responses during hypoxic stress have been studied and compared to that of sublethal heavy metal (copper) exposure using two indices : total carotenoid concentration and accumulation of lipofuscin granules. A close similarity has been observed between hypoxic exposed and copper (sublethal) exposed animals regarding the total carotenoid concentration and lipofuscin accumulation. In the case of S.scripta, the total caroteniod increase at 48h of both hypoxic and heavy metal exposure was found to be nearly 40% greater than that of the control (0h). Whereas in P.viridis, the increment in the total carotenoid concentration at 48h of hypoxic exposure and 48h of heavy metal exposure were found to be nearly 87% and 95% higher than that of the control (0h) respectively.Regarding the lipofuscin accumulation, in both S.scripta and P.viridis , the characteristic features of the granule at 48h of hypoxia is very much similar to that observed at 48h of heavy metal exposure. Thus, the present study suggests that the increase in carotenoid concentration and lipofuscin accumulation expressed by bivalves under heavy metal stress can be due to the indirect effect of hypoxia.
Description: Division of Marine Biology, Microbiology and Biochemistry, School of Marine Sciences, Cochin university of Science and Technology
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/xmlui/purl/2058
Date: 1993


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