Biobutanol from lignocellulosic biomass by a novel Clostridium sporogenes BE01

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Biobutanol from lignocellulosic biomass by a novel Clostridium sporogenes BE01

Show simple item record Lalitha Devi, Gottumukkala Rajeev Kumar, Sukumaran 2015-12-01T05:35:28Z 2015-12-01T05:35:28Z 2014-07
dc.description.abstract In the current study, a novel non-acetone forming butanol and ethanol producer Was isolated and identified. Based on the 16s rDNA sequence BLAST and phylogenetic analyses, it was found to have high similarity with the reported hydrogen producing strains of Clostridium sporogenes. Biochemical studies revealed that it is lipase and protease positive. The lipolytic and proteolytic properties are the very important characteristics of Clostridium sporogenes. Sugar utilization profile studies were positive for glucose, saccharose, cellobiose and weakly positive result to xylose. This study demonstrated C. sporogenes BE01, an isolate from NIIST is having potential to compete with existing, well known butanol producers with the advantage of no acetone in the final solvent mixture. Rice straw hydrolysate is a potent source of substrate for butanol production by C. sporogenes BE01. Additional supplementation of vitamins and minerals were avoided by using rice straw hydrolysate as substrate. Its less growth, due to the inhibitors present in the hydrolysate and also inhibition by products resulted in less efficient conversion of sugars to butanol. Calcium carbonate played an important role in improving the butanol production, by providing the buffering action during fermentation and stimulating the electron transport mediators and redox reactions favoring butanol production. Its capability to produce acetic acid, butyric acid and hydrogen in significant quantities during butanol production adds value to the conversion process of lignocellulosic biomass to butanol. High cell density fermentation by immobilizing the cells on to ceramic particles improved the solvents and VFA production. Reduced sugar utilization from the concentrated hydrolysate could be due to accumulation of inhibitors in the hydrolysate during concentration. Two-stage fermentation was very efficient with immobilized cells and high conversions of sugars to solvents and VFAs were achieved. The information obtained from the study would be useful to develop a feasible technology for conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to biobutanol. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Cochin University Of Science And Technology en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Cochin University Of Science And Technology en_US
dc.subject Butanol en_US
dc.subject History of ABE fermentation en_US
dc.subject Clostridium sp en_US
dc.title Biobutanol from lignocellulosic biomass by a novel Clostridium sporogenes BE01 en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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