Chemical Evaluation of Selected Organics and Trace Metals in the Mangrove Macroflora Of Cochin

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Chemical Evaluation of Selected Organics and Trace Metals in the Mangrove Macroflora Of Cochin

Show simple item record Geetha, Andrews Dr.Jacob, Chacko 2014-04-02T04:58:35Z 2014-04-02T04:58:35Z 2010-07
dc.description School of Marine Sciences, Cochin University of Science and Technology en_US
dc.description.abstract Mangroves are considered to play a significant role in global carbon cycling. Themangrove forests would fix CO2 by photosynthesis into mangrove lumber and thus decrease the possibility of a catastrophic series of events - global warming by atmospheric CO2, melting of the polar ice caps, and inundation of the great coastal cities of the world. The leaf litter and roots are the main contributors to mangrove sediments, though algal production and allochthonous detritus can also be trapped (Kristensen et al, 2008) by mangroves due to their high organic matter content and reducing nature are excellent metal retainers. Environmental pollution due to metals is of major concern. This is due to the basic fact that metals are not biodegradable or perishable the way most organic pollutants are. While most organic toxicants can be destroyed by combustion and converted into compounds such as C0, C02, SOX, NOX, metals can't be destroyed. At the most the valance and physical form of metals may change. Concentration of metals present naturally in air, water and soil is very low. Metals released into the environment through anthropogenic activities such as burning of fossils fuels, discharge of industrial effluents, mining, dumping of sewage etc leads to the development of higher than tolerable or toxic levels of metals in the environment leading to metal pollution. Of course, a large number of heavy metals such as Fe, Mn, Cu, Ni, Zn, Co, Cr, Mo, and V are essential to plants and animals and deficiency of these metals may lead to diseases, but at higher levels, it would lead to metal toxicity. Almost all industrial processes and urban activities involve release of at least trace quantities of half a dozen metals in different forms. Heavy metal pollution in the environment can remain dormant for a long time and surface with a vengeance. Once an area gets toxified with metals, it is almost impossible to detoxify it. The symptoms of metal toxicity are often quite similar to the symptoms of other common diseases such as respiratory problems, digestive disorders, skin diseases, hypertension, diabetes, jaundice etc making it all the more difficult to diagnose metal poisoning. For example the Minamata disease caused by mercury pollution in addition to affecting the nervous system can disturb liver function and cause diabetes and hypertension. The damage caused by heavy metals does not end up with the affected person. The harmful effects can be transferred to the person's progenies. Ironically heavy metal pollution is a direct offshoot of our increasing ability to mass produce metals and use them in all spheres of existence. Along with conventional physico- chemical methods, biosystem approachment is also being constantly used for combating metal pollution en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Cochin University of Science and Technology en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Cochin University Of Science And Technology en_US
dc.subject Flora en_US
dc.subject Fauna en_US
dc.subject Mangrove en_US
dc.subject Sediments en_US
dc.subject Mechanism en_US
dc.title Chemical Evaluation of Selected Organics and Trace Metals in the Mangrove Macroflora Of Cochin en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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