Thermo-Structural Analysis of 3D Composites

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Thermo-Structural Analysis of 3D Composites

Show simple item record Santhosh, B Dr.Nandakumar, C G 2011-10-15T08:53:02Z 2011-10-15T08:53:02Z 2010-12
dc.description Dept.of Ship Technology,Cochin University of Science and Technology en_US
dc.description.abstract Three dimensional (3D) composites are strong contenders for the structural applications in situations like aerospace,aircraft and automotive industries where multidirectional thermal and mechanical stresses exist. The presence of reinforcement along the thickness direction in 3D composites,increases the through the thickness stiffness and strength properties.The 3D preforms can be manufactured with numerous complex architecture variations to meet the needs of specific applications.For hot structure applications Carbon-Carbon(C-C) composites are generally used,whose property variation with respect to temperature is essential for carrying out the design of hot structures.The thermomechanical behavior of 3D composites is not fully understood and reported.The methodology to find the thermomechanical properties using analytical modelling of 3D woven,3D 4-axes braided and 3D 5-axes braided composites from Representative Unit Cells(RUC's) based on constitutive equations for 3D composites has been dealt in the present study.High Temperature Unidirectional (UD) Carbon-Carbon material properties have been evaluated using analytical methods,viz.,Composite cylinder assemblage Model and Method of Cells based on experiments carried out on Carbon-Carbon fabric composite for a temparature range of 300 degreeK to 2800degreeK.These properties have been used for evaluating the 3D composite properties.From among the existing methods of solution sequences for 3D composites,"3D composite Strength Model" has been identified as the most suitable method.For thegeneration of material properies of RUC's od 3D composites,software has been developed using MATLAB.Correlaton of the analytically determined properties with test results available in literature has been established.Parametric studies on the variation of all the thermomechanical constants for different 3D performs of Carbon-Carbon material have been studied and selection criteria have been formulated for their applications for the hot structures.Procedure for the structural design of hot structures made of 3D Carbon-Carbon composites has been established through the numerical investigations on a Nosecap.Nonlinear transient thermal and nonlinear transient thermo-structural analysis on the Nosecap have been carried out using finite element software NASTRAN.Failure indices have been established for the identified performs,identification of suitable 3D composite based on parametric studies on strength properties and recommendation of this material for Nosecap of RLV based on structural performance have been carried out in this Study.Based on the 3D failure theory the best perform for the Nosecap has been identified as 4-axis 15degree braided composite. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Cochin University of Science & Technology en_US
dc.subject 3D Woven en_US
dc.subject 3D Braided en_US
dc.subject Thermomechanical properties en_US
dc.subject Thermo-structural analysis en_US
dc.subject Carbon-Carbon composites en_US
dc.subject Analytical modelling en_US
dc.subject CCA model en_US
dc.subject Representative Unit Cell en_US
dc.subject Nonlinear finite element analysis en_US
dc.subject Nosecap en_US
dc.title Thermo-Structural Analysis of 3D Composites en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.faculty Technology en_US

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