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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://purl.org/purl/819

Title: Model Compound Studies on the Devulcanization of Natural Rubber Using 2, 3-Dimethyl-2-Butene
Authors: Rani, Joseph
Keywords: devulcanization
natural rubber
High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
Issue Date: 18-Aug-2005
Abstract: The mechanism of devulcanization of sulfur-vulcanized natural rubber with aromatic disulfides and aliphatic amines has been studied using 23-dimethyl-2-butene (C5H1,) as a low-molecular weight model compound. First C6H12 was vulcanized with a mixture of sulfur, zinc stearate and N-cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazylsulfenamide (CBS) as accelerator at 140 °C, resulting in a mixture of addition products (C(,H 1 i-S,-C5H 1 i ). The compounds were isolated and identified by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with respect to their various sulfur ranks. In it second stage, the vulcanized products were devulcanized using the agents mentioned above at 200 °C. The kinetics and chemistry of the breakdown of the sulfur-hridges were monitored. Both devulcanization agents decompose sulfidic vulcanization products with sulfur ranks equal or higher than 3 quite effectively and with comparable speed. Di phenyldisulfide as devulcanization agent gives rise to a high amount of mono- and disulfidic compounds formed during the devulcanization, hexadecylamine, as devulcanization agent, prevents these lower sulfur ranks from being formed.
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/819
Appears in Collections:Dr Rani Joseph

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