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|Title: ||Utilization of waste expanded polystyrene: Blends with silica-filled natural rubber|
|Authors: ||Eby Thomas, Thachil|
Beena, Thattekatt Abraham
Renju, Vaikathusseril Sekharan
|Keywords: ||A. Elastomers and rubbers|
|Issue Date: ||Mar-2012|
|Abstract: ||Expanded polystyrene (EPS) constitutes a considerable part of thermoplastic waste in the environment in
terms of volume. In this study, this waste material has been utilized for blending with silica-reinforced
natural rubber (NR). The NR/EPS (35/5) blends were prepared by melt mixing in a Brabender Plasticorder.
Since NR and EPS are incompatible and immiscible a method has been devised to improve compatibility.
For this, EPS and NR were initially grafted with maleic anhydride (MA) using dicumyl peroxide (DCP) to
give a graft copolymer. Grafting was confirmed by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) spectroscopy.
This grafted blend was subsequently blended with more of NR during mill compounding. Morphological
studies using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) showed better dispersion of EPS in the
compatibilized blend compared to the noncompatibilized blend. By this technique, the tensile strength,
elongation at break, modulus, tear strength, compression set and hardness of the blend were found to be
either at par with or better than that of virgin silica filled NR compound. It is also noted that the thermal
properties of the blends are equivalent with that of virgin NR. The study establishes the potential of this
method for utilising waste EPS|
|Description: ||Materials and Design 40 (2012) 221–228|
|Appears in Collections:||Dr.Eby Thomas Thachil|
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