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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://purl.org/purl/4060

Title: Pathological changes in Fenneropenaeus indicus experimentally infected with white spot virus and virus morphogenesis
Authors: Bright Singh, I S
Rosamma, Philip
Resmy, Varghese
Manjusha, M
Mohandas, A
Keywords: White spot syndrome virus
Fenneropenaeus indicus
Hypertrophied nucleus
Issue Date: 15-Aug-2009
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: To demonstrate pathological changes due to white spot virus infection in Fenneropenaeus indicus, a batch of hatchery bred quarantined animals was experimentally infected with the virus. Organs such as gills, foregut, mid-gut, hindgut, nerve, eye, heart, ovary and integument were examined by light and electron microscopy. Histopathological analyses revealed changes hitherto not reported in F. indicus such as lesions to the internal folding of gut resulted in syncytial mass sloughed off into lumen, thickening of hepatopancreatic connective tissue with vacuolization of tubules and necrosis of rectal pads in hindgut. Virus replication was seen in the crystalline tract region of the compound eye and eosinophilic granules infiltrated from its base. In the gill arch, dilation and disintegration of median blood vessel was observed. In the nervous tissues, encapsulation and subsequent atrophy of hypertrophied nuclei of the neurosecretory cells were found. Transmission electron microscopy showed viral replication and morphogenesis in cells of infected tissue. De novo formed vesicles covered the capsid forming a bilayered envelop opened at one end inside the virogenic stroma. Circular vesicles containing nuclear material was found fused with the envelop. Subsequent thickening of the envelop resulted in the fully formed virus. In this study, a correlation was observed between the stages of viral multiplication and the corresponding pathological changes in the cells during the WSV infection. Accordingly, gill and foregut tissues were found highly infected during the onset of clinical signs itself, and are proposed to be used as the tissues for routine disease diagnosis.
Description: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 102 (2009) 225–232
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/4060
Appears in Collections:Bright Singh I S

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