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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://purl.org/purl/4048

Title: Alkali insoluble glucan extracted from Acremonium diospyri is a more potent immunostimulant in the Indian White Shrimp, Fenneropenaeus indicus than alkali soluble glucan
Authors: Bright Singh, I S
Rosamma, Philip
Anas, A
Somnath Pai, S
Douglas, W Lowman
David, L Williams
Stewart, Millen
Keywords: glucan
Fenneropenaeus indicus
reactive oxygen intermediate
Acremonium diospyri
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2009
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Abstract: E¡ect of an extraction method on the structure of glucan and its immunostimulatory response in Fenneropenaeus indicus was investigated. Here we extracted alkali insoluble glucan (AIG) and alkali soluble glucan (ASG) from a ¢lamentous fungi Acremonium diospyri following alkali^acid hydrolysis and the sodium hypochlorite oxidation and dimethyl sulphoxide extraction method respectively. Structural analysis showed that 85% of glucan in AIG was a (1 !3)-b-D-glucan and it increased the prophenoloxidase and reactive oxygen intermediate activity when administered to F. indicus. On the other hand, ASG, which contained 93% (1 !3)-a-glucan, did not induce signi¢cant immune response in shrimp. Here we report that the di¡erence in immunostimulatory potential between AIG and ASG is due to the di¡erence in the percentage of (1 !3)-b-D-glucans present in each preparation, which varies with the method of extraction employed. Also our observations suggest that glucan can be used as a potential immunostimulant to shrimp, provided it contains (1 !3)-b-D-glucan as the major fraction.
Description: Aquaculture Research, 2009, 40, 1320^1327 doi:10.1111/j.1365-2109.2009.02231.x
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/4048
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