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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://purl.org/purl/3940

Title: Microbial Biosurfactants – Review
Authors: Hatha, A A M
Edward, Gakpe
Pattanathu Rahman, K.S.M.
Keywords: Rhamnolipid
Qualitative & quantitative analysis
Issue Date: Jul-2007
Publisher: Journal of marine and atmospheric research
Abstract: Biosurfactants are surface active compounds released by microorganisms. They are biodegradable non-toxic and eco-friendly materials. In this review we have updated the information about different microbial surfactants. The biosurfactant production depends on the fermentation conditions, environmental factors and nutrient availability. The extraction of the biosurfactants from the cell-free supernatant using the solvent extraction procedure and the qualitative and quantitative analysis has been discussed with appropriate equipment details. The application of the biosurfactant includes biomedical, cosmetic and bioremediation. The type of microbial biosurfactants include trehalose lipids, rhamnolipids, sophorolipids, glycolipids, cellobiose lipids, polyol lipids, diglycosyl diglycerides, lipoloysaccharides, arthrofactin, lichensyn A and B, surfactin, viscosin, phospholipids, sulphonyl lipids and fatty acids. Rhamnolipid biosurfactants produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa DS10-129 showed significant applications in the bioremediation of hydrocarbons in gasoline spilled soil and petroleum oily sludge. Rhamnolipid biosurfactant enhanced the bioremediation process by releasing the weathered oil from the soil matrices and enhanced the bioavailability of hydrocarbons for microbial degradation. It is having potential applications in the remediation of hydrocarbon contaminated sites. Biosurfactants from marine microorganisms also offer great potential in bioremediation of oil contaminated oceanic environments
Description: J.Mar. Atmos. Res. Vol.3, No.2 July 2007, 1-17
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3940
Appears in Collections:Dr A A M Hatha

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