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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://purl.org/purl/3929

Title: Distribution and bioactive potential of soil actinomycetes from different ecological habitats
Authors: Hatha, A A M
George, M
Anjumol, A
George, G
Keywords: Actinomycetes
Antibacterial activity
Mountain ecosystem
Issue Date: 16-Mar-2012
Publisher: Academic Journals
Abstract: Emergence of drug resistance among pathogenic bacteria to currently available antibiotics has intensified the search for novel bioactive compounds from unexplored habitats. In the present study actinomycetes were isolated from two relatively unexplored and widely differing habitats such as mountain and wetlands and their ability to produce antibacterial substances were analyzed. Pure cultures of actinomycetes were identified by morphological and biochemical tests. Various genera of actinomycetes encountered included Nocardia, Pseudonocardia, Streptomyces, Nocardiopsis, Streptosporangium, Micromonospora, Rhodococcus, Actinosynnema, Nocardiodes, Kitasatosporia, Gordona, Intrasporangium and Streptoalloteichus. The frequency of occurrence of each genus was found to vary with sample. About 47% of wetland isolates and 33% of mountain isolates were identified as various species of Nocardia. The isolated strains differed among themselves in their ability to decompose proteins and amino acids and also in enzyme production potential. Antibiotic activities of these actinomycetes were evaluated against 12 test pathogenic bacteria by well diffusion method using agar wells in glycerol-yeast extract agar. About 95% of actinomycete isolates from wetland ecosystem and 75% of highland isolates suppressed in different degrees the growth of test pathogens. Relatively high antibacterial activity among these isolates underlined their potential as a source of novel antibiotics.
Description: African Journal of Microbiology Research Vol. 6(10), pp. 2265-2271, 16 March, 2012
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3929
ISSN: 1996-0808
Appears in Collections:Dr A A M Hatha

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