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|Title: ||Potential public health significance of faecal contamination and multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli and Salmonella serotypes in a lake in India|
|Authors: ||Hatha, A A M|
Thomas, A P
|Keywords: ||Public health|
Multiple drug resistance
|Issue Date: ||23-Mar-2011|
|Abstract: ||To assess the prevalence of faecal coliform bacteria and multiple drug resistance
among Escherichia coli and Salmonella serotypes from Vembanadu Lake.
Study design: Systematic microbiological testing.
Methods: Monthly collection of water samples were made from ten stations on the southern
and northern parts of a salt water regulator constructed in Vembanadu Lake in order to
prevent incursion of seawater during certain periods of the year. Density of faecal colifrom
bacteria was estimated. E. coli and Salmonella were isolated and their different serotypes
were identified. Antibiotic resistance analysis of E. coli and Salmonella serotypes was done
and the MAR index of individual isolates was calculated.
Results: Density of faecal coliform bacteria ranged from mean MPN value 2900 -7100/100ml.
Results showed multiple drug resistance pattern among the bacterial isolates. E. coli
showed more than 50% resistance to amickacin, oxytetracycline, streptomycin, tetracycline
and kanamycin while Salmonella showed high resistance to oxytetracycline, streptomycin,
tetracycline and ampicillin. The MAR indexing of the isolates showed that they
have originated from high risk source such as humans, poultry and dairy cows.
Conclusions: The high density of faecal coliform bacteria and prevalence of multi drug
resistant E. coli and Salmonella serotypes in the lake may pose severe public health risk
through related water borne and food borne outbreaks|
|Description: ||Public health 1 2 5 ( 2 0 1 1 ) 3 7 7-3 7 9|
|Appears in Collections:||Dr A A M Hatha|
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