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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://purl.org/purl/3786

Title: Rainfall Climatology over Middle East Region and its Variability
Authors: Dr.Babu, C A
Samah, A A
Hamza, Varikoden
Keywords: Rainfall Climatology
Rainfall Variability
Middle East Region
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: A better understanding of the rainfall climatology of the Middle East region identifying the mechanisms responsible for the rain producing systems is essential for effective utilization of the water resources over the arid region. A comprehensive analysis on the rainfall climatology of the Middle East region is carried out to bring out the spatial and temporal variation of rainfall and mechanisms responsible for the rain events. The study was carried out utilizing rainfall, OLR, wind and humidity data sets procured from TRMM, NOAA and NCEP-NCAR. Climatology of annual rainfall brings out two areas of alarmingly low rainfall in the Middle East region: one in Egypt, Jordan and adjoining areas and the other in the southern part of Saudi Arabia. Daily rainfall analysis indicates that northern region gets rainfall mainly during winter and spring associated with the passage of Mediterranean low pressure systems whereas rain over the southern region is caused mainly by the monsoon organized convection, cross equatorial flow and remnants of low pressure systems associated with the monsoon during the summer season. Thermodynamic structure of the atmosphere reveals that the region does not have frequent local convection due to insufficient moisture content. The sinking motion associated with the sub tropic high pressure system and subsidence associated with the Walker circulation are responsible for maintaining warm and dry air over the region.
Description: International Journal of Water Resources and Arid Environments 1(3): 180-192, 2011
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3786
ISSN: 2079-7079
Appears in Collections:Dr.C A Babu

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