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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3085

Title: Design and Development of re configurable compact cross patch antenna for switchable polarization
Authors: Nishamol, M S
Dr.Vasudevan, K
Keywords: Microstrip antennas
Various Microstrip antennas
Feeding Techniques
Reconfigurable antennas
Dual- frequency microstrip antennas
Antenna measurement facilities
Issue Date: 4-Jan-2012
Publisher: Cochin University of Science and Technology
Abstract: Antennas are necessary and vital components of communication and radar systems, but sometimes their inability to adjust to new operating scenarios can limit system performance. Reconfigurable antennas can adjust with changing system requirements or environmental conditions and provide additional levels of functionality that may result in wider instantaneous frequency bandwidths, more extensive scan volumes, and radiation patterns with more desirable side lobe distributions. Their agility and diversity created new horizons for different types of applications especially in cognitive radio, Multiple Input Multiple Output Systems, satellites and many other applications. Reconfigurable antennas satisfy the requirements for increased functionality, such as direction finding, beam steering, radar, control and command, within a confined volume. The intelligence associated with the reconfigurable antennas revolved around switching mechanisms utilized. In the present work, we have investigated frequency reconfigurable polarization diversity antennas using two methods: 1. By using low-loss, high-isolation switches such as PIN diode, the antenna can be structurally reconfigured to maintain the elements near their resonant dimensions for different frequency bands and/or polarization. 2. Secondly, the incorporation of variable capacitors or varactors, to overcome many problems faced in using switches and their biasing. The performances of these designs have been studied using standard simulation tools used in industry/academia and they have been experimentally verified. Antenna design guidelines are also deduced by accounting the resonances. One of the major contributions of the thesis lies in the analysis of the designed antennas using FDTD based numerical computation to validate their performance.
Description: Department of Electronics, Cochin University of Science and Technology
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3085
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Technology

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