Increased Insulin Secretion by Muscarinic M1 and M3 Receptor Function from Rat Pancreatic Islets in vitro

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Increased Insulin Secretion by Muscarinic M1 and M3 Receptor Function from Rat Pancreatic Islets in vitro

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Title: Increased Insulin Secretion by Muscarinic M1 and M3 Receptor Function from Rat Pancreatic Islets in vitro
Author: Renuka, T R; Remya, Robinson; Paulose, C S
Abstract: Parasympathetic system plays an important role in insulin secretion from the pancreas. Cholinergic effect on pancreatic beta cells exerts primarily through muscarinic receptors. In the present study we investigated the specific role of muscarinic M1 and M3 receptors in glucose induced insulin secretion from rat pancreatic islets in vitro. The involvement of muscarinic receptors was studied using the antagonist atropine. The role of muscarinic MI and M3 receptor subtypes was studied using subtype specific antagonists. Acetylcholine agonist, carbachol, stimulated glucose induced insulin secretion at low concentrations (10-8-10-5 M) with a maximum stimulation at 10-7 M concentration. Carbachol-stimulated insulin secretion was inhibited by atropine confirming the role of muscarinic receptors in cholinergic induced insulin secretion. Both M1 and M3 receptor antagonists blocked insulin secretion induced by carbachol. The results show that M3 receptors are functionally more prominent at 20 mM glucose concentration when compared to MI receptors. Our studies suggest that muscarinic M1 and M3 receptors function differentially regulate glucose induced insulin secretion, which has clinical significance in glucose homeostasis.
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/540
Date: 2005-11-02


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