Decreased a2-adrenergic receptor in the brain stem and pancreatic islets during pancreatic regeneration in weanling rats

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Decreased a2-adrenergic receptor in the brain stem and pancreatic islets during pancreatic regeneration in weanling rats

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Title: Decreased a2-adrenergic receptor in the brain stem and pancreatic islets during pancreatic regeneration in weanling rats
Author: Ani Das, V; Finla, Chathu; Paulose, C S
Abstract: Sympathetic stimulation inhibits insulin secretion. a2-Adrenergic receptor is known to have a regulatory role in the sympathetic function. We investigated the changes in the a2-adrenergic receptors in the brain stein and pancreatic islets using [3H]Yohimbine during pancreatic regeneration in weanling rats. Brain stem and pancreatic islets of experimental rats showed a significant decrease (p<0.001) in norepinephrine (NE) content at 72 h after partial pancreatectomy. The epinephrine (EPI) content showed a significant decrease (p<0.001) in pancreatic islets while it was not detected in brain stem at 72 h after partial pancreatectomy. Scatchard analysis of [3H]Yohimbine showed a significant decrease (p<0.05) and Kd at 72 h after partial pancreatectomy in the brain stem. In the pancreatic islets, Scatchard analysis of [3H]Yohimbine showed a signiinfiBca'nnatx decrease (p<0.001) in B,nax and Kd (p<0.05) at 72 h after partial pancreatectomy. The binding parameters reversed to near sham by 7 days after pancreatectomy both in brain stein and pancreatic islets. This shows that pancreatic insulin secretion is influenced by central nervous system inputs from the brain stem. In vitro studies with yohimbine showed that the a2-adrenergic receptors are inhibitory to islet DNA synthesis and insulin secretion. Thus our results suggest that decreased a2-adrenergic receptors during pancreatic regeneration functionally regulate insulin secretion and pancreatic 13-cell proliferation in weanling rats.
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/536
Date: 2006-04-20


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