Activation of Progesterone Receptor by ATP

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Activation of Progesterone Receptor by ATP

Show simple item record Virinder,Moudgil Vera,Kruczak Thomas,Eessalu Paulose,C S Michael,Taylor Jeffrey,Hansen 2008-07-30T06:18:51Z 2008-07-30T06:18:51Z 1981-05-14
dc.description.abstract Progesterone-receptor complex from freshly prepared hen oviduct cytosol acquired the ability to bind to isolated nuclei, DNA-cellulose and ATP-Sepharose when incubated with 5-10 mM ATP at 4°C. The extent of this ATP-dependent activation was higher when compared with heat-activation achieved by warming the progesterone- receptor complex at 23 °C. The transformation of progesterone-receptor complex which occurred in a time-dependent manner was only partially dependent on hormone presence. The ATP effect was selective in causing this transformation whereas ADP, AMP and cAMP failed to show any such effect. The non-hydrolizable analogs of ATP, adenosine 5'-[a,/3-methylene]triphosphate and adenosine 5-[/l,y-imido]triphosphate were also found to be ineffective. Presence of 10 mM sodium molybdate blocked both the ATP and the heat-activation of progesterone-receptor complex. Mn" or Mg` had no detectable effect on the receptor activation but the presence of Ca" increased the extent of ATP-activation slightly. EDTA presence (> 5 mM) decreased the extent of receptor activation by about 40 % and was, therefore, not included in the buffers used for activation studies. Divalent cations were also ineffective when tested in the presence of 1- 5 mM EDTA. The properties of progesterone-receptor complex remained intact under the above conditions when analyzed for steroid-binding specificity and Scatchard analysis. However, the ATP-activated progesterone-receptor complex lost the ability to aggregate when tested on low-salt sucrose gradients. ATP was equally effective in activating the rat-uterine estradiol-receptor complex at 4 "C and influenced the transformation of 4-S receptor form into a 5-S form when analyzed on sucrose gradients containing 0.3 M KCI. The presence of ATP also increased the rate of activation of progesterone-receptor complex at 23 °C. These findings suggest a role for ATP in receptor function and offer a convenient method of studying the process of receptor activation at low temperature and mild assay conditions. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Department of Biotechnology en_US
dc.subject Progesterone-receptor en_US
dc.subject cytosol en_US
dc.subject ATP-Sepharose en_US
dc.subject steroid-binding en_US
dc.title Activation of Progesterone Receptor by ATP en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US

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