Mangrove plant Ceriops tagal as a potential source of anti White Spot Syndrome Virus preparations for Penaeus monodon

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Mangrove plant Ceriops tagal as a potential source of anti White Spot Syndrome Virus preparations for Penaeus monodon

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Title: Mangrove plant Ceriops tagal as a potential source of anti White Spot Syndrome Virus preparations for Penaeus monodon
Author: Sudheer, N S; Dr. Rosamma, Philip; Dr. Bright Singh, I S
Abstract: White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is the deadliest virus among crustaceans ever discovered having several unique and novel features. Recent developments in genomics and proteomics could elucidate the molecular process involved in the WSSV infection and the host pathogen interaction to some extent. Until now no fool proof treatment or prophylactic measure has been made available to control WSSV out breaks in culture system. Even though there are technologies like application of immunostimulants, vaccines, RNAi and several antiviral natural products none of them has been taken to the level of clinical trials. However, there are several management options such as application of bioremediation technologies to maintain the required environmental quality, maintenance of zero water exchange systems coupled with application of probiotics and vaccines which on adoption shall pave way for successful crops amidst the rapid spread of the virus. In this context the present work was undertaken to develop a drug from mangrove plants for protecting shrimp from WSSV.Mangroves belong to those ecosystems that are presently under the threat of destruction, diversion and blatant attack in the name of so called ‘developmental activities’. Mangrove plants have unique ecological features as it serves as an ecotone between marine and terrestrial ecosystem and hence possess diversity of metabolites with diverse activities. This prompted them being used as remedial measures for several ailments for ages. Among the mangrove plants Ceriops tagal, belonging to the family Rhizophororaceae was in attention for many years for isolating new metabolites such as triterpenes, phenolic compounds, etc. Even though there were attempts to study various plant extracts to develop anti-viral preparations their activity against WSSV was not investigated as yet.
Description: Dept.of Marine Biology,Microbiology and Biochemistry,Cochin University of Science and Technology
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3004
Date: 2009-12


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