Realization of a Scanning Photoacoustic Technique: Thermal properties of Bulk and Film Samples

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Realization of a Scanning Photoacoustic Technique: Thermal properties of Bulk and Film Samples

Show simple item record Raghu, O Dr. Jacob, Philip 2012-05-03T06:04:46Z 2012-05-03T06:04:46Z 2007-02
dc.description Dept.of Instrumentation,Cochin University of Science and Technology en_US
dc.description.abstract Among the large number of photothcrmal techniques available, photoacoustics assumes a very significant place because of its essential simplicity and the variety of applications it finds in science and technology. The photoacoustic (PA) effect is the generation of an acoustic signal when a sample, kept inside an enclosed volume, is irradiated by an intensity modulated beam of radiation. The radiation absorbed by the sample is converted into thermal waves by nonradiative de-excitation processes. The propagating thermal waves cause a corresponding expansion and contraction of the gas medium surrounding the sample, which in tum can be detected as sound waves by a sensitive microphone. These sound waves have the same frequency as the initial modulation frequency of light. Lock-in detection method enables one to have a sufficiently high signal to noise ratio for the detected signal. The PA signal amplitude depends on the optical absorption coefficient of the sample and its thermal properties. The PA signal phase is a function of the thermal diffusivity of the sample.Measurement of the PA amplitude and phase enables one to get valuable information about the thermal and optical properties of the sample. Since the PA signal depends on the optical and thennal properties of the sample, their variation will get reflected in the PA signal. Therefore, if the PA signal is collected from various points on a sample surface it will give a profile of the variations in the optical/thennal properties across the sample surface. Since the optical and thermal properties are affected by the presence of defects, interfaces, change of material etc. these will get reflected in the PA signal. By varying the modulation frequency, we can get information about the subsurface features also. This is the basic principle of PA imaging or PA depth profiling. It is a quickly expanding field with potential applications in thin film technology, chemical engineering, biology, medical diagnosis etc. Since it is a non-destructive method, PA imaging has added advantages over some of the other imaging techniques. A major part of the work presented in this thesis is concemed with the development of a PA imaging setup that can be used to detect the presence of surface and subsmface defects in solid samples.Determination of thermal transport properties such as thermal diffusivity, effusivity, conductivity and heat capacity of materials is another application of photothennal effect. There are various methods, depending on the nature of the sample, to determine these properties. However, there are only a few methods developed to determine all these properties simultaneously. Even though a few techniques to determine the above thermal properties individually for a coating can be found in literature, no technique is available for the simultaneous measurement of these parameters for a coating. We have developed a scanning photoacoustic technique that can be used to determine all the above thermal transport properties simultaneously in the case of opaque coatings such as paints. Another work that we have presented in this thesis is the determination of thermal effusivity of many bulk solids by a scanning photoacoustic technique. This is one of the very few methods developed to determine thermal effiisivity directly. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Cochin University of Science and Technology en_US
dc.subject Photoacoustics en_US
dc.subject Photoacoustic microscopy en_US
dc.subject Instrumentation en_US
dc.subject Photoacoustic imaging en_US
dc.subject Thermal properties en_US
dc.subject paint coatings en_US
dc.subject Scanning en_US
dc.subject Thermal effusivity en_US
dc.subject solids en_US
dc.title Realization of a Scanning Photoacoustic Technique: Thermal properties of Bulk and Film Samples en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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