Molecular characterization of a crustin-like antimicrobial peptide in the giant tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon, and its expression profile in response to various immunostimulants and challenge with WSSV

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Molecular characterization of a crustin-like antimicrobial peptide in the giant tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon, and its expression profile in response to various immunostimulants and challenge with WSSV

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Title: Molecular characterization of a crustin-like antimicrobial peptide in the giant tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon, and its expression profile in response to various immunostimulants and challenge with WSSV
Author: Swapna P, Antony; Bright Singh, I S; Sudheer, N S; Vrinda, S; Priyaja, P; Rosamma, Philip
Abstract: A crustinlike antimicrobial peptide from the haemocytes of giant tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon was partially characterized at the molecular level and phylogenetic analysis was performed. The partial coding sequence of 299 bp and 91 deduced amino acid residues possessed conserved cysteine residues characteristic of the shrimp crustins. Phylogenetic tree and sequence comparison clearly confirmed divergence of this crustinlike AMP from other shrimp crustins. The differential expression of the crustinlike AMP in P. monodon in response to the administration of various immunostimulants viz., two marine yeasts (Candida haemulonii S27 and Candida sake S165) and two bglucan isolates (extracted from C. haemulonii S27 and C. sake S165) were noted during the study. Responses to the application of two grampositive probiotic bacteria (Bacillus MCCB101 and Micrococcus MCCB104) were also observed. The immune profile was recorded preand postchallenge white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) by semiquantitative RTPCR. Expressions of seven WSSV genes were also observed for studying the intensity of viral infection in the experimental animals. The crustinlike AMP was found to be constitutively expressed in the animal and a significant downregulation could be noted postchallenge WSSV. Remarkable downregulation of the gene was observed in the immunostimulant fed animals prechallenge followed by a significant upregulation postchallenge WSSV. Tissuewise expression of crustinlike AMP on administration of C. haemulonii and Bacillus showed maximum transcripts in gill and intestine. The marine yeast, C. haemulonii and the probiotic bacteria, Bacillus were found to enhance the production of crustinlike AMP and confer significant protection to P. monodon against WSSV infection.
URI: http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/2784
Date: 2011-01


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