For the discrete-time quadratic map xt+1=4xt(1-xt) the evolution equation for a class of non-uniform initial densities is obtained. It is shown that in the t to infinity limit all of them approach the invariant density for the map.
Sreekumar, J; Nandakumaran, V M(Physics Letters, October 21, 1985)
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Abstract:
The phenomenon of two-soliton resonances of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvilli equation for the superfluid surface density fluctuation in He films is studied. The velocity of the resonant soliton is obtained.
The role of acoustic plasmons in the recently discovered high Tc superconductors
is discussed. It is shown that the exchange of acoustic plasmons together with the
usual phonon exchange between electrons can give rise to a Tc - 100 K.
Harikrishnan, K P; Nandakumaran, V M(Pramana, December , 1987)
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Abstract:
We have studied the bifurcation structure of the logistic map with a time dependant control parameter. By introducing a specific nonlinear variation for the parameter, we show that the bifurcation structure is modified qualitatively as well as quantitatively from the first bifurcation onwards. We have also computed the two Lyapunov exponents of the system and find that the modulated logistic map is less chaotic compared to the logistic map.
Harikrishnan, K P; Nandakumaran, V M(Elsevier, December 7, 1987)
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Abstract:
We study the period-doubling bifurcations to chaos in a logistic map with a nonlinearly modulated parameter and show that the bifurcation structure is modified significantly. Using the renormalisation method due to Derrida et al. we establish the universal behaviour of the system at the onset of chaos.
Harikrishnan, K P; Nandakumaran, V M(Elsevier, November 21, 1988)
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Abstract:
We analyse numerically the bifurcation structure of a two-dimensional noninvertible map and show that different periodic cycles are arranged in it exactly in the same order as in the case of the logistic map. We also show that this map satisfies the general criteria for the existence of Sarkovskii ordering, which supports our numerical result. Incidently, this is the first report of the existence of Sarkovskii ordering in a two-dimensional map.
Sreekumar, J; Nandakumaran, V M(Springer, December , 1989)
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Abstract:
The dynamics of saturated two-dimensional superfluid4He films is shown to be governed by the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation with negative dispersion. It is established that the phenomena of soliton resonance could be observed in such films. Under the lowest order nonlinearity, such resonance would happen only if two dimensional effects are taken into account. The amplitude and velocity of the resonant soliton are obtained.
Harikrishnan, K P; Nandakumaran, V M(Elsevier, December 25, 1989)
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This is a sequel to our earlier work on the modulated logistic map. Here, we first show that the map comes under the universality class of Feigenbaum. We then give evidence for the fact that our model can generate strange attractors in the unit square for an uncountable number of parameter values in the range μ∞<μ<1. Numerical plots of the attractor for several values of μ are given and the self-similar structure is explicity shown in one case. The fractal and information dimensions of the attractors for many values of μ are shown to be greater than one and the variation in their structure is analysed using the two Lyapunov exponents of the system. Our results suggest that the map can be considered as an analogue of the logistic map in two dimensions and may be useful in describing certain higher dimensional chaotic phenomena.
Sreekumar, J; Nandakumaran, V M(World Scientific Publishing Company, 1990)
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Abstract:
Large amplitude local density fluctuations in a thin superfluid He film is considered. It is shown that these large amplitude fluctuations travel and behave like "quasi-solitons" under collision, even when the full nonlinearity arising from the Van der Waals potential is taken into account.
Suresh, Vettoor V; Nandakumaran, V M(World Scientific Publishing Company, 1990)
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Abstract:
Electron-phonon interaction is considered within the framework of the fluctuating
valence of Cu atoms. Anderson's lattice Hamiltonian is suitably modified to take this into
account. Using Green's function technique tbe possible quasiparticle excitations' are
determined. The quantity 2delta k(O)/ kB Tc is calculated for Tc= 40 K. The calculated values
are in good agreement with the experimental results.
Ambika, G; Nandakumaran, V M(Current Science, January 25, 1990)
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Abstract:
We discuss how the presence of frustration brings about
irregular behaviour in a pendulum with nonlinear
dissipation. Here frustration arises owing to
particular choice of the dissipation. A preliminary
numerical analysis is presented which indicates the transition
to chaos at low frequencies of the driving force.
Ambika, G; Nandakumaran, V M; Babu Joseph,K(World Scientific Publishing Company, 1991)
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Abstract:
We consider a resistively shunted Josephson junction with a resistance that depends inversely on voltage. It is shown that such a junction in the underdamped case can give rise to extremely long-lived metastable states even in the absence of external noise. We investigate numerically this metastable state and its transition to a chaotic state. The junction voltages corresponding to these states are studied.
Amritkar, R E; Gade, P M; Gangal, A D; Nandakumaran, V M(The American Physical Society, September , 1991)
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Abstract:
We consider the stability properties of spatial and temporal periodic orbits of one-dimensional coupled-map lattices. The stability matrices for them are of the block-circulant form. This helps us to reduce the problem of stability of spatially periodic orbits to the smaller orbits corresponding to the building blocks of spatial periodicity, enabling us to obtain the conditions for stability in terms of those for smaller orbits.
Suresh, Vettoor V; Nandakumaran, V M(Physica C,Elsevier Science, 1992)
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Abstract:
The density of states and the low temperature specific heat of higb-Tc superconductors are calculated in a functional integral formalism using the slave boson technique. The manybody calculation in a saddle point approximation shows that the Iow energy
sector is dominated by 3 single band. The calculated values of density of states are in good agreement with experimental results.
A dynamical system with a damping that is quadratic in velocity is converted into the Hamiltonian format using a nonlinear transformation. Its quantum mechanical behaviour is then analysed by invoking the Gaussian effective potential technique. The method is worked out explicitly for the Duffing oscillator potential.
Kriashnan Nair, P R; Nandakumaran, V M; Ambika, G(Pramana, December , 1994)
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Abstract:
We establish numerically the validity of Huberman-Rudnick scaling relation for
Lyapunov exponents during the period doubling route to chaos in one dimensional maps. We
extend our studies to the context of a combination map. where the scaling index is found to
be different.
Saratchandran, P P; Nandakumaran, V M; Ambika, G(Springer, November , 1996)
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By introducing a periodic perturbation in the control parameter of the logistic map we have investigated the period locking properties of the map. The map then gets locked onto the periodicity of the perturbation for a wide range of values of the parameter and hence can lead to a control of the chaotic regime. This parametrically perturbed map exhibits many other interesting features like the presence of bubble structures, repeated reappearance of periodic cycles beyond the chaotic regime, dependence of the escape parameter on the seed value and also on the initial phase of the perturbation etc.
This paper is a review of the work done on the dynamics of modulated logistic systems.
Three different problems are treated, viz, the modulated logistic map, the parametrically perturbed
logistic map and the combination map obtained by combining two maps of the quadratic family.
Many of the interesting features displayed by these systems are discussed.
Krishnan Nair, P R; Nandakumaran, V M(Springer, October , 1998)
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We present the analytical investigations on a logistic map with a discontinuity at the
centre. An explanation for the bifurcation phenomenon in discontinuous systems is presented. We
establish that whenever the elements of an n-cycle (n > 1) approach the discontinuities of the nth
iterate of the map, a bifurcation other than the usual period-doubling one takes place. The periods of
the cycles decrease in an arithmetic progression, as the control parameter is varied. The system also
shows the presence of multiple attractors. Our results are verified by numerical experiments as well.
Thomas, Kuruvilla; Nandakumaran, V M(American Institute of Physics, March , 1999)
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We have numerically studied the behavior of a two-mode Nd-YAG laser with an intracavity KTP crystal. It is found that when the parameter, which is a measure of the relative orientations of the KTP crystal with respect to the Nd-YAG crystal, is varied continuously, the output intensity fluctuations change from chaotic to stable behavior through a sequence of reverse period doubling bifurcations. The graph of the intensity in the X-polarized mode against that in the Y-polarized mode shows a complex pattern in the chaotic regime. The Lyapunov exponent is calculated for the chaotic and periodic regions.