Abstract: | This study was aimed at to characterize the spatio-temporal trends in the distributional characteristics of various species of nitrogen and phosphorus as well as to elucidate the factors and processes aflecting these nutrients in the dissolved, particulate and sedimentary phases of a river estuarine system. The main area of study is Chalakudy river in Kerala, which is a fresh water system originating from Anamalai hills and ending at Arabian Sea. Its basin is between I00 05 ’ to I00 35’ North latitude and 76” 15 ’ to 760 55’ East longitude. Being a riparian bufler zone, the dynamics of nutrient mobility tend to be more complex and variable in this river-estuarine system.The diflerent species of nitrogen estimated from the filtrate were nitrite-N, nitrateN, ammonia-N, urea-N, total nitrogen and residual nitrogen. The diflerent forms of phosphorus estimated from the filtrate were phosphate-P, total-P and residualP. Pre weighed sediments as well as particulate matter were analysed for quantijying nitrite-N, nitrate-N, ammonia-N and urea-N. Total nitrogen was estimated after digestion with potassium persulfate. Fractionation of phosphorus in sediment/particulate matter was performed by applying sequential extraction procedure. The dijferent forms of phosphorus thus estimated were loosely bound (exchangeable) P, Fe/Al bound P, polyphosphates, Ca bound P and refractory P. Sedimental total P was also measured directly by applying digestion method.The analyses carried out in this bimonthly annual survey have revealed specific information on the latent factors influencing the water quality pattern ofthe river. There was dependence among the chemical components of the river sediment and suspended matter, reflecting the water quality. A period of profound environmental change occurred and changes in various species had been noted in association with seasonal variations in the waterway, especially following enhanced river runoff during the monsoon. The results also successfully represented the distribution trend of nutrients during the rainy as well as dry season. Thus, the information gathered in this work will also be beneficial for those interested or involved in river management, conservation, regulation and policy making in regional and national levels. |
Description: | Dept.of Chemical Oceanography,Cochin University of Science and Technology. |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/2991 |
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Dyuthi-T0971.pdf | (20.24Mb) |
Abstract: | Most tropical aquatic environments are naturally fertile and their natural fertility is renewed very rapidly. Natural food for many cultivable organisms can be grown to the maximum by proper management. However, enrichment of the environment can be done through rational fertilization. Still further increase in stocking rates, can yield increased crop if adequate feeding is done. Thus fish and shellfish nutrition is an important aspect of the multidisciplinary subject of aquaculture. The oldest and most classical studies in physiology have investigated the nutritional needs of the species of interest to aquaculture. The alimentary requirements for proteins, lipids, mineral salts and vitamins have been established for some temperate species. But, the nutritional requirements of only few tropical species have been studied. Before formulating a diet, a thorough knowledge of the nutrient requirement of the species is essential. It is against this background that the present area of investigation has been identified. "Nutritional requirements of the fry of gold-spot mullet Liza parsia" is a comprehensive attempt to quantify the nutritional factors that are essential for producing healthy fingerlings for stocking the farms. Aspects such as the protein and lipid requirements of the fry, the vitamin essentiality, nutritive evaluation of protein and lipid sources suitable for compounding diets were covered in this research project. The ultimate aim has been to evolve practical diets which could be applied in the nursery phase for juvenile production. |
Description: | Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3384 |
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Dyuthi-T1361.pdf | (8.726Mb) |
Description: | Department of Marine Biology, Microbiology and Biochemistry, Cochin University of Science and Technology |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/2176 |
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Dyuthi-T0527.pdf | (2.543Mb) |
Abstract: | Man in his quest to explore food has turned towards the oceans and during the last five decades there has been phenomenal increase in the exploitation of the marine fisheries resources. The present study is carried out to determine the requirement of protein and water-soluble vitamins in the diet of juveniles of the Indian white prawn p.indicus using purified diets and to evaluate the nutritive value of a few plant and animal protein sources for the same species. A total of ten statistically designed experiments are conducted in the laboratory undermost identical conditions and following similar methodologies. The study also tries to suggest the essential and optimal requirements for protein as well as water-soluble vitamins in the diet of juvenile p.indicus |
Description: | Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3167 |
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Dyuthi-T1141.pdf | (13.62Mb) |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/1194 |
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Gopal C 1987.PDF | (332.9Kb) |
Abstract: | Pulsed photoacoustic measurements have been carried out in liquid CS2 using 532 nm radiation from a frequency doubled Nd:YAG laser. Variation of signal amplitude with laser fluence clearly indicates the role of multiphoton processes in the generation of photoacoustic effect. It is also shown that four photon induced dissociation and five photon induced ionization are likely processes in CS2 and 532 nm radiation. |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/2634 |
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Dyuthi-P0193.pdf | (264.3Kb) |
Abstract: | Two-photon absorption in Rhodamine 6G using the second harmonic of a pulsed Q-switched Nd:YAG laser has been studied by photoacoustic technique. It is observed that there is a competition between one-photon and two-photon absorption processes. At lower concentration the two-photon process is predominant over the one-photon process. |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/2493 |
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Dyuthi-P0291.pdf | (252.6Kb) |
Abstract: | Observation of laser induced two-photon photoemission optogalvanic (TPPOG) effect from tungsten electrode in a discharge cell using 564 nm radiation obtained from a pulsed dye laser is described. The magnitude of the POG signal is studied as a function of laser energy under various discharge parameters. Competition between one-photon and two-photon processes has been observed when nitrogen gas is used in the discharge cell. |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/2492 |
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Dyuthi-P0296.pdf | (201.4Kb) |
Abstract: | Solid phase extraction (SPE) is a powerful technique for preconcentration/removal or separation of trace and ultra trace amounts of toxic and nutrient elements. SPE effectively simplifies the labour intensive sample preparation, increase its reliability and eliminate the clean up step by using more selective extraction procedures. The synthesis of sorbents with a simplified procedure and diminution of the risks of errors shows the interest in the areas of environmental monitoring, geochemical exploration, food, agricultural, pharmaceutical, biochemical industry and high purity metal designing, etc. There is no universal SPE method because the sample pretreatment depends strongly on the analytical demand. But there is always an increasing demand for more sensitive, selective, rapid and reliable analytical procedures. Among the various materials, chelate modified naphthalene, activated carbon and chelate functionalized highly cross linked polymers are most important. In the biological and environmental field, large numbers of samples are to be analysed within a short span of time. Hence, online flow injection methods are preferred as they allow extraction, separation, identification and quantification of many numbers of analytes. The flow injection online preconcentration flame AAS procedure developed allows the determination of as low as 0.1 µg/l of nickel in soil and cobalt in human hair samples. The developed procedure is precise and rapid and allows the analysis of 30 samples per hour with a loading time of 60 s. The online FI manifold used in the present study permits high sampling, loading rates and thus resulting in higher preconcentration/enrichment factors of -725 and 600 for cobalt and nickel respectively with a 1 min preconcentration time compared to conventional FAAS signal. These enrichment factors are far superior to hitherto developed on line preconcentration procedures for inorganics. The instrumentation adopted in the present study allows much simpler equipment and low maintenance costs compared to costlier ICP-AES or ICP-MS instruments. |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/922 |
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Dyuthi-T0217.pdf | (3.483Mb) |
Abstract: | The main objective of the present study is to have a detailed investigation on the gelation properties, morphology and optical properties of small π-conjugated oligomers. For this purpose we have chosen oligo(p-phenylenevinylene)s (OPVs), a class of molecules which have received considerable attention due to their unique optical and electronic properties. Though a large number of reports are available in the literature on the self-assembly properties of tailor made OPVs, none of them pertain to the design of nanostructures based on organogels. In view of this, we aimed at the creation of functional chromophoric assemblies of π-conjugated OPVs through the formation of organogels, with the objective of crafting nanoscopic assemblies of different size and shape thereby modulating their optical and electronic properties.In order to fulfill the above objectives, the design and synthesis of a variety of OPVs with appropriate structural variations were planned. The design principle involves the derivatization of OPVs with weak H-bonding hydroxymethyl end groups and with long aliphatic hydrocarbon side chains. The noncovalent interactions in these molecules were expected to lead the formation of supramolecular assembly and gels in hydrocarbon solvents. In such an event, detailed study of gelation and extensive analysis of the morphology of the gel structures were planned using advanced microscopic techniques. Since OPVs are strongly fluorescent molecules, gelation is expected to perturb the optical properties. Therefore, detailed study on the gelation induced optical properties as a way to probe the nature and stability of the selfassembly was planned. Apart from this, the potential use of the modulation of the optical properties for the purpose of light harvesting was aimed. The approach to this problem was to entrap an appropriate energy trap to the OPV gel matrix which may lead to the efficient energy transfer from the OPV gel based donor to the entrapped acceptor. The final question that we wanted to address in this investigation was the creation of helical nanostructures through proper modification of the OPV backbone With chiral handles.The present thesis is a detailed and systematic approach to the realization of the above objectives which are presented in different chapters of the thesis. |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/2795 |
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Dyuthi-T0816.pdf | (12.70Mb) |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/948 |
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ABSTRACT 1.pdf | (13.56Mb) |
abstracts.htm | (112.8Kb) |
FRONT1.pdf | (1.136Mb) |
index.htm | (5.083Kb) |
Description: | Department of Mathematics, Cochin University of Science and Technology |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/xmlui/purl/1975 |
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Dyuthi-T0435.pdf | (609.3Kb) |
Synopsis.pdf | (91.39Kb) |
Abstract: | The present study on chaos and fractals in general topological spaces. Chaos theory originated with the work of Edward Lorenz. The phenomenon which changes order into disorder is known as chaos. Theory of fractals has its origin with the frame work of Benoit Mandelbrot in 1977. Fractals are irregular objects. In this study different properties of topological entropy in chaos spaces are studied, which also include hyper spaces. Topological entropy is a measures to determine the complexity of the space, and compare different chaos spaces. The concept of fractals can’t be extended to general topological space fast it involves Hausdorff dimensions. The relations between hausdorff dimension and packing dimension. Regular sets in Metric spaces using packing measures, regular sets were defined in IR” using Hausdorff measures. In this study some properties of self similar sets and partial self similar sets. We can associate a directed graph to each partial selfsimilar set. Dimension properties of partial self similar sets are studied using this graph. Introduce superself similar sets as a generalization of self similar sets and also prove that chaotic self similar self are dense in hyper space. The study concludes some relationships between different kinds of dimension and fractals. By defining regular sets through packing dimension in the same way as regular sets defined by K. Falconer through Hausdorff dimension, and different properties of regular sets also. |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/880 |
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Dyuthi-T0216.pdf | (1.261Mb) |
Abstract: | The D-eigenvalues of a graph G are the eigenvalues of its distance matrix D, and the D-energy ED(G) is the sum of the absolute values of its D-eigenvalues. Two graphs are said to be D-equienergetic if they have the same D-energy. In this note we obtain bounds for the distance spectral radius and D-energy of graphs of diameter 2. Pairs of equiregular D-equienergetic graphs of diameter 2, on p = 3t + 1 vertices are also constructed. |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/1537 |
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On distance energy of graphs.PDF | (2.514Mb) |
Abstract: | The D-eigenvalues of a graph G are the eigenvalues of its distance matrix D, and the D-energy ED(G) is the sum of the absolute values of its D-eigenvalues. Two graphs are said to be D-equienergetic if they have the same D-energy. In this note we obtain bounds for the distance spectral radius and D-energy of graphs of diameter 2. Pairs of equiregular D-equienergetic graphs of diameter 2, on p = 3t + 1 vertices are also constructed. |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/626 |
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7) ON DISTANCE ENERGY OF GRAPHS.pdf | (2.976Mb) |
Description: | Department of Statistics, Cochin University of Science and Technology |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/2755 |
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Dyuthi-T0780.pdf | (4.626Mb) |
Abstract: | A feasible way of implementing a temporal database is by mapping temporal data model onto a conventional data model followed by a commercial database management system. Even though extensions were proposed to standard SQL for supporting temporal databases, such proposals have not yet come across standardization processes. This paper attempts to implement database operators such as aggregates and universal quantifier for temporal databases, implemented on top of relational database systems, using currently available SQL standards. |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/xmlui/purl/2006 |
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On Implementing Joins....pdf | (261.1Kb) |
Abstract: | This thesis Entitled On Infinite graphs and related matrices.ln the last two decades (iraph theory has captured wide attraction as a Mathematical model for any system involving a binary relation. The theory is intimately related to many other branches of Mathematics including Matrix Theory Group theory. Probability. Topology and Combinatorics . and has applications in many other disciplines..Any sort of study on infinite graphs naturally involves an attempt to extend the well known results on the much familiar finite graphs. A graph is completely determined by either its adjacencies or its incidences. A matrix can convey this information completely. This makes a proper labelling of the vertices. edges and any other elements considered, an inevitable process. Many types of labelling of finite graphs as Cordial labelling, Egyptian labelling, Arithmetic labeling and Magical labelling are available in the literature. The number of matrices associated with a finite graph are too many For a study ofthis type to be exhaustive. A large number of theorems have been established by various authors for finite matrices. The extension of these results to infinite matrices associated with infinite graphs is neither obvious nor always possible due to convergence problems. In this thesis our attempt is to obtain theorems of a similar nature on infinite graphs and infinite matrices. We consider the three most commonly used matrices or operators, namely, the adjacency matrix |
Description: | Department of mathematics, Cochin University of Science and Technology |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3142 |
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Dyuthi-T1116.pdf | (1.999Mb) |
Abstract: | This thesis entitled' On Queues with Interruptions and Repeat or Resumption of Service' introduces several new concepts into queues with service interruption. It is divided into Seven chapters including an introductory chapter. The following are keywords that we use in this thesis: Phase type (PH) distribution, Markovian Arrival Process (MAP), Geometric Distribution, Service Interruption, First in First out (FIFO), threshold random variable and Super threshold random variable. In the second chapter we introduce a new concept called the 'threshold random variable' which competes with interruption time to decide whether to repeat or resume the interrupted service after removal of interruptions. This notion generalizes the work reported so far in queues with service interruptions. In chapter 3 we introduce the concept of what is called 'Super threshold clock' (a random variable) which keeps track of the total interruption time of a customer during his service except when it is realized before completion of interruption in some cases to be discussed in this thesis and in other cases it exactly measures the duration of all interruptions put together. The Super threshold clock is OIl whenever the service is interrupted and is deactivated when service is rendered. Throughout this thesis the first in first out service discipline is followed except for priority queues. |
Description: | Department of Mathematics, Cochin University of Science and Technology |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/2431 |
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Dyuthi-T0658.pdf | (4.985Mb) |
Abstract: | Nature is full of phenomena which we call "chaotic", the weather being a prime example. What we mean by this is that we cannot predict it to any significant accuracy, either because the system is inherently complex, or because some of the governing factors are not deterministic. However, during recent years it has become clear that random behaviour can occur even in very simple systems with very few number of degrees of freedom, without any need for complexity or indeterminacy. The discovery that chaos can be generated even with the help of systems having completely deterministic rules - often models of natural phenomena - has stimulated a lo; of research interest recently. Not that this chaos has no underlying order, but it is of a subtle kind, that has taken a great deal of ingenuity to unravel. In the present thesis, the author introduce a new nonlinear model, a ‘modulated’ logistic map, and analyse it from the view point of ‘deterministic chaos‘. |
Description: | Department of Physics, Cochin University of Science and Technology |
URI: | http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/3565 |
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Dyuthi-T1546.pdf | (2.902Mb) |
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